

January 25, 2023 at 7:34 amFAQParticipant
The pressuredisplacement curve of a gasket often starts with a low stiffness, making solverâ€™s guess quite far from the final solution, and causing a number of iterations. But for gaskets, often a good approximation to the final displacement solution is known. So a few tricks may work to accelerate convergence by allowing the solver to start from a good first guess, or by forcing the analysis to follow certain displacement constraints during the iteration. 1) Model the gasket in an assumed loaded configuration and apply corresponding initial stresses. 2) Model the gasket in the undeformed configuration but position one flange relative to the other using displacement or velocity boundary conditions in order to achieve a good starting configuration for the NewtonRaphson algorithm. In the subsequent analysis step, the boundary condition is deactivated, the bolt loads are applied and the model is left to find equilibrium with small adjustments. 3) If a gasket acts as a stopper, with little or no pressure transmitted over some part of the stressdisplacement curve, followed by a sharp bend and mostly linear, high stiffness behavior, you may see a negative impact on convergence. If you know beforehand that this kind of contact will be closed at the end of the bolt load analysis step, you may choose to force this contact to close by specifying a nonseparation contact in combination with a contact interference that is ramped up over the analysis step. The bolt load is ramped up over the same step. 4) If a good assumption can be made for the deformation of certain parts of the gasket, the gasket may be prestressed using an additional noseparation contact between one side of the gasket and a layer of surface elements positioned between the other side of the gasket and the adjoining flange. This contact can then be used to apply a specified change in thickness to the gasket at that location. This displacement constraint is then released in the next step, in which the bolt load is applied.

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